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Health Effects of Flame Retardants (FRs)

Health Effects of Flame Retardants (FRs)

FRs and their adverse health effects are a seemingly ubiquitous topic in scientific journals. Today we provide a snapshot in the table below of the primary health effects of widely used flame retardants. This is a summary table of a few FRs. For further information including health effects of FRs with proprietary formulations see the US EPA Design for Environment Program.

Health Effects

Flame Retardants (FRs)

Brominated Flame Retardants

Chlorinated Flame Retardants

Other FRs

Persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT)

decaBDE, HBCD, octaBDE pentaDBE, TBBPA

TCEP, TDCPP

Firemaster 550

Endocrine disruption/hormonal effect

PBDEs, HBCD

TCEP, TDCPP

Firemaster 550 (some evidence)
Triphenyl Phospate

Carcinogenic, mutagenic, reprotoxic (CMR)

PBDEs, HBCD (potential)

TDCPP (moderate) TCEP

Firemaster 550 and
Firemaster 552 (both low cancer, but moderate developmental and reproductive effects)

Neurotoxicant

PBDEs, HBCD

TCEP, TDCPP (low)

Firemaster 550
Firemaster 552 (moderate)
Triphenyl Phosphate

Obesogen

HBCD (some evidence)

TCPP (some evidence)

Firemaster 550 (some evidence)

Allergen/sensitizer

PBDEs, HBCD (some evidence)

 

 


BFR = brominated flame retardant
deca-BDE = decabromodiphenyl ether
HBCD = hexabromocyclododecane
PBDE = polybrominated diphenyl ether
TBBPA = tetrabromobisphenol A
TCEP =   tris (2-chloroethyl phosphate) 
TCPP = tris (1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate
TDCPP = tris (1,3 dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate
 

Sources are located below:

Links

ChemHAT
Environment and Health Canada
Environmental Health Perspectives
Journal of Applied Toxicology
Presentations by Jennifer Schlezinger on Health and Environment.org
Presentations by Heather Stapleton on Health and Environment.org
Toxicology Letters
US EPA
US EPA's Design for Environment Program